Nowadays, where life seems to move at an excessive speed, physical exercise has become an excellent way to escape this reality and obtain various health benefits. But, what exactly is the importance of physical activity on a day-to-day basis?
What is the physics activity
Although most of us cannot perceive it, we find ourselves doing physical activities at all times . Just the act of speaking, blinking or breathing makes our body move and exercise constantly.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), physical activity can be defined as any action, task or bodily movement performed by skeletal muscles .
Importance of physical activity
Just as important as a balanced diet and a series of good habits, physical exercise is the perfect complement to ensure the well-being of any person . Become an expert by entering our Personal Trainer Diploma and let our experts guide you at every step.
To understand the importance of exercising, it is enough to observe the consequences suffered by sedentary people. According to various studies, this population group is at greater risk of suffering conditions such as being overweight and chronic diseases.
On the other hand, people who practice physical activities on a regular basis considerably reduce the chances of suffering from any chronic or cardiovascular disease . Hence its importance when it comes to leading a healthier and more balanced life.
How much physical activity should be done
Although everyone is different and everyone knows their limits and capabilities, there are some guidelines on how much time to spend exercising. According to the WHO, physical activity time can be classified according to age .
Infants or children under 1 year
Babies under 1 year of age should carry out various activities a day through interactive games, readings and simple activities . It is important not to have them in the same place for more than an hour and avoid placing them in front of a screen.
Children from 1 to 2 years
Like infants, it is recommended that children between 1 and 2 years of age engage in physical activity throughout the day for at least 3 hours . It is also ideal not to have them in one place for more than an hour.
Children from 3 to 4 years
This group of children should do 180 minutes of exercise a day and at least one hour should be dedicated to moderate physical activities.
Children and adolescents from 5 to 17 years old
For this age group, it is best to do 60 minutes of physical activities a day, mainly aerobics . They will also need to incorporate vigorous exercise for at least three days a week to strengthen muscles and bones.
Adults from 18 to 64 years
Adults in this group must perform aerobic physical activities of at least 150 minutes a day and a maximum of 300 minutes . It is recommended to include intense exercises with a time range between 75 and 150 minutes throughout the week.
Adults over 65 years
For the older age group, it is also recommended to do aerobic physical exercises for 150 to 300 minutes. It is important that activities that strengthen balance and muscle strength are included .
Pregnant women should do certain activities for at least 150 minutes throughout the week. Muscle strengthening activities should be sought mainly .
People with chronic illnesses
This group includes individuals with diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, HIV, among others. It is recommended to do between 150 and 300 minutes and include intense activities throughout the week .
People with disabilities
For children with a disability, it is recommended to do 60 minutes of physical activity a day . Meanwhile, adults should do 150 to 300 minutes of exercise throughout the week.
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Advantages and benefits of physical exercise
It couldn’t be more clear: exercising has a large number of benefits and advantages. But, what is the importance of physical activity in health and in what aspects does it benefit us?
strengthens the mind
Physical exercise not only strengthens the muscles of the body, but also helps a person feel good. By this we mean that when a person exercises, they generate chemicals that induce happiness and help relieve stress, increase self-esteem, alleviate anxiety, increase memory, among other benefits.
Helps prevent the development of diseases
It is scientifically proven that physical exercise regulates the risks of suffering from certain diseases such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension . This is because physical activity helps keep the body at a healthy weight. Hence the importance of physical activity for health .
Helps to age well
At this time this benefit or advantage may seem obsolete; however, your body will thank you in a few years. According to various studies, exercise can prevent certain age-related diseases such as osteoporosis .
harmful habits are reduced
Constant physical activity will not only strengthen your body and mind, but will also keep you away from various harmful habits such as alcoholism, smoking and drug addiction . For this reason, exercise has become a healing method for thousands of people.
Promotes better sleep
If you have trouble sleeping, exercising may be the key to overcoming this problem. Constant physical activity can help you sleep faster and more soundly . Keep in mind that it is not recommended to exercise before sleeping or you will cause the opposite.
It’s a form of entertainment
Although each person has their own forms of entertainment, we assure you that there is no better distraction than physical exercise. This activity will not only give you the opportunity to relax and enjoy the outdoors, it will also open up the possibility of socializing and meeting new people .